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History

What the Russian Revolution Achieved and Why it Degenerated

Lenin and Trotsky Public Domain PD 1923This year marks the 100th anniversary of the October Revolution. The apologists of capitalism, and their faithful echoes in the labour movement, try to comfort themselves with the thought that the collapse of the USSR signified the demise of socialism. But what failed in Russia was not socialism but a caricature of socialism. Contrary to the oft-repeated slanders, the Stalinist regime was the antithesis of the democratic regime established by the Bolsheviks in 1917.

Trotsky in January 1917: “Bronx Man Leads Russian Revolution”

trotsky12017 marks the centenary of the greatest event in world history: the Russian Revolution. The names Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky will forever be connected to that momentous social, political, and economic upheaval, which forever changed the course of humanity. Many people familiar with 20th Century history know that when the Russian working class overthrew the tsar in February 1917, Lenin was in exile in Switzerland, soon to return to Petrograd in the famous sealed train. But where was Trotsky before returning to the maelstrom?

The historic significance of the Rebellions of 1837-1838 – Part 3

Assemblee des six comtes paintingWe publish here the third of a five-part series of articles on the 1837-1838 Rebellions of Upper and Lower Canada. It is important that Marxists understand the place of these important events in the history of the class struggle in Canada and Quebec.

The historic significance of the Rebellions of 1837-1838 – Part 2

gruff gentleman patriotTwo parallel movements arose in the early 1800s - the Reform Movement in Upper Canada, and movement around the Parti canadien in Lower Canada, which would later be called the Parti patriote. These movements were first and foremost movements to reform the government of the provinces in favour of a real democracy.

The historic significance of the Rebellions of 1837-1838 – Part 1

Le patriote Henri 1904Canada has always been portrayed as a country in which the class struggle has been exempt; that the history of the country is that of a people who prefer evolution to revolution, in which law and order has flourished and persevered. However, nothing could be further from the truth. The history of Canada is a history rich in class struggle: rich in struggles for the overthrow of the established order and the establishment of a new one.

35 Years After Toronto’s First Pride Parade: The Fight Against Oppression Is Far From Over

info_bathhouse_raids.jpgOn Feb 5, 1981, Toronto police staged the largest mass arrest in Canada since the October Crisis, raiding four bathhouses in Toronto’s gay village. n the aftermath, the Ontario Federation of Labour, the Labour Council of Metropolitan Toronto, and the Ontario Association of Professional Social Workers passed resolutions condemning the raids, taking a firm and progressive stand against all forms of oppression.

Sixty years after the Richard Riot: Hockey and the class struggle in Quebec

Maurice RichardSixty years ago this month, Montreal was the scene of one of the most significant riots in its history. Following the suspension of Montreal Canadiens star player Maurice "The Rocket" Richard, thousands of Montrealers took to the streets, keeping the city police occupied throughout the night. Many consider this as a harbinger of the Quiet Revolution that would shake the province in the early 1960s.

On the anniversary of Leon Trotsky's assassination

Today marks the 72nd anniversary of Leon Trotsky's brutal assassination by a Stalinist agent in Mexico City.  We publish here an account written by Esteban Volkov, Trotsky's grandson, in 1999 about the life and legacy of his grandfather, as well as his memories of that fateful day.  For more information about Trotsky's ideas, don't forget to check Trotsky.net, a website dedicated to give an overall view of the ideas and struggles of Trotsky.

Ten years after 9/11: How the world has changed

On the tenth anniversary of the attack on the Twin Towers millions of people will relive the horrors of that fateful day. The television screens are filled with shocking images of death and destruction. Once again we see the flames of blazing fuel as the planes struck the tall buildings; the desperate people throwing themselves into empty space; the collapsing edifices that filled the New York air with choking dust and turned night into day, and the men and women covered in gray dust looking like creatures from another planet. The events of September 11th 2001 undoubtedly represented a turning-point in history. The tenth anniversary of the attacks on the Twin Towers and the Pentagon provides us with an opportunity to make a balance sheet of the past decade, a decade that has reshaped the history of the world.

May Day - A history of working class struggle

This year the workers across the planet will commemorate May Day in one of the most turbulent and traumatic periods in history. The world is ravaged by wars, terrorism, bloodshed, economic catastrophe and unprecedented poverty, misery, disease and destitution. The vast majority of the human race has been plunged into the abyss of deprivation, hunger and agonising suffering.